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运城概况

来源:欢乐彩_欢乐彩app下载安装|【官网】 发布者: 时间: 2018-06-15

运 城

yunchengshi,gucheng“hedong”,weiyushanxishengxinanbu,dichujinshanyuhuanghe“jinsanjiao”diqu,yuhenanshengsanmenxiashi、shanxishengweinanshigehexiangwang,shizhonghuaminzuhezhonghuawenmingdezhongyaofaxiangdizhiyi,shiwushengguangongdeguli。jieyudongjing110°15'—112°04',beiwei34° 35'—35°49'zhijian,dongxizhang201.87qianmi,nanbeikuan127.47qianmi,zongmianji13968pingfangqianmi,zhanshanxishengzongmianjide9%。 [2] 

欢乐彩yunchengshiguchenghedong,yin“yanyunzhicheng”deming,shizhonghuawenmingdezhongyaofaxiangdizhiyi [3]。huaxiaminzudeshizuhuangdi、yandi、chiyou,yao、shun、yu,douxiangjihuodongzaihedongdadishang。yaochudoupuban,houqianpingyang,shundoupuban,yudouanyi,zhongguodiyigenulizhishehui——xiayeshizaizheilidansheng。[4] 

2000nian9yuechedisheshi,xia1qu2shi10xianhe7geshengjikaifaqu、149gexiangzhen(jiedaobanshichu)、3173gexingzhengcun。guotumianji1.4wanpingfanggongli,quanshichangzhurenkouwei535wanren,shishanxishengdiyirenkoudashi、xiandainongyeqiangshihexinxinggongyechengshi,shixiandiqushengchanzongzhi(gdp)1509.6yiyuan,qizhong: diyichanyezengjiazhi225.7yiyuan,dierchanyezengjiazhi556yiyuan,disanchanyezengjiazhi727.9yiyuan,sancichanyegouchengwei15.0: 36.8: 48.2,renjundiqushengchanzongzhi28229yuan,an2018nianpingjunhuilvjisuanwei4266meiyuan。 [6] 

欢乐彩yunchengshiyuanquxiande“zhonghuashijishuyuan”huashibarenleiqiyuanxiangqiantuijinle1000duowannian。ruichengxiandexihouduwenhuayizhi,shikaogujiefaxianderenleizuizaoyonghuodeshizheng。danshenglechunqiushangrenyidun、sanguomingjiangguanyu、chutangshirenwangbo、zhongtangwenrenliuzongyuan、shixuedajiasimaguang、xiqumingjiaguanhanqingdengwenwujunxiu,wenxipeishijiazucengchuguo59weizaixiang、59weidajiangjun,shicheng“jiangxiangjiewu、gonghouyimen”。xingchengleguangongwenhua、genzuwenhua、yanwenhua、dexiaowenhuadengjuyouxianmingtesedediyuwenhua。wenwulvyoujingdian1600yuchu,qizhongguobao90chu、shengbao57chu。 [7] 

运城特色

一、地理位置优越,优惠政策集聚。欢乐彩运城地处晋陕豫黄河“金三角”中心地带,是黄河由北向南、调头向东的最后一个大拐弯处,有着380公里的黄河岸线,黄河由此转弯,一路向东奔向大海。这里距西安和洛阳各200公里,距省城太原380公里,承东启西、贯通南北、辐射中原,是华北、西北、中原地区的结合部,是国家实施“一带一路”战略的重要节点。利用这一区位优势,2012年5月,由运城牵头申报的晋陕豫黄河金三角承接产业转移示范区成功获批,是全国唯一一个跨省域的承接产业转移示范区,包括陕西渭南、河南三门峡、山西运城和临汾三省四市,总面积5.8万平方公里,人口1700万,产业优势互补,基础设施相连。2014年4月,国务院公布《关于晋陕豫黄河金三角区域合作规划的批复》,使该区域发展上升为国家战略。还被国家纳入关中平原城市群。这里承接环渤海经济圈,毗邻关天经济区,同时具备山西转型综改试验区、中原经济区的政策叠加优势,在机制体制、项目布局、人才引进、资金扶持等方面可以得到国家更多的政策支持,运城正迎来新一轮发展重要战略机遇期。

二、交通网络完善,开放活力巨大。欢乐彩全市公路、铁路、航空三位一体的立体化交通格局已经形成。公路方面,中心城市到各县市的“一小时”经济圈已经形成。2018年末全市公路通车里程15802公里,公路密度111公里/百平方公里。其中,高速公路通车里程603公里。铁路方面,境内高铁1小时可达西安,2小时可达太原,5小时可达北京,6小时可达重庆,7小时可达上海。南同蒲铁路纵贯南北,侯西铁路横亘东西,大西客运专线建成运营以来,运城站日旅客发送量最多达到1.4万人。截止2018年末运城机场开通了34个国内外城市,33条航线。全年民航旅客运输量205.3万人,比上年增长42.1%;货运量0.5万吨,同比增长59.4%。

三、文化底蕴厚重,旅游资源丰富。运城是中华民族五千年文明的重要发祥地之一。上世纪90年代,中美科学家在欢乐彩市垣曲县境内发现的“中华世纪曙猿”化石,距今4000万年,把人类的起源向前推进了1000多万年(中美两国科学家联合在2000年3月16日出版的英国权威科学期刊——《自然》杂志上发表研究论文,认为“世纪曙猿”是迄今为止地球上发现最早的、包括人类在内的高等灵长类动物的祖先,约生活在距今4500万年至4000万年之间的中始新世)。芮城县风陵渡镇“西侯度”文化遗址,是迄今为止考古界发现的人类最早用火的实证,距今180万年,是旧石器时代著名的文化遗存。万荣县的后土祠,是为了祭祀人类始祖——母系氏族时代的首领女娲而建的。最早的记载是轩辕黄帝“扫地为坛于汾阴”以祭后土。从汉文帝开始建祠,官方的祭祠活动一直延续到宋代,曾经有43位皇帝来运城祭过后土,其中,汉武帝六次来运城,在这里留下了千古绝唱《秋风辞》。运城盐池对华夏文明的发展发挥过举足轻重的作用。盐的开发利用,加上火的使用,大大提高了人类的生存质量,加快了人类文明演进的步伐。古老的运城盐池已有4000多年的开发历史,面积132平方公里。传说中“黄帝战蚩尤”的“涿鹿大战”就发生在运城,部落战争的原因是为争夺运城的盐池。运城盐湖区至今有蚩尤村。据说,在唐宋时期,运城盐池的盐税曾占到国库收入的1/8到1/6。蜀汉名将关羽,汉代河东郡解县(今运城市)人。他之所以逐渐被神化,“由侯而王,由王而帝,由帝而圣,由圣而天”,成为威震九天,无所不能的神灵,是由于关公的忠义、仁勇、诚信的品格为世人所敬仰,他的道德风范适应了人们的社会文化心理需求。在运城这块古老的土地上发生和演绎了许多动人的历史故事和传说,黄帝战蚩尤、舜耕历山、禹凿龙门、嫘祖养蚕等流传久远。舜都蒲坂(永济)、禹都安邑(盐湖区)及中国奴隶制社会第一个王朝—“夏”的都城,均建在运城。文学家柳宗元,《腾王阁序》的作者王勃,戏剧家关汉卿,史学家、一代名相司马光,古代四大美女之一的杨玉环等数以百计的史籍名人都是运城人。三晋望族裴氏、王氏、薛氏、柳氏更是门庭显赫。尤其以闻喜县裴氏影响最大,史称“将相接武,公侯一门”,号称“中华宰相村”。有人赞誉说,运城是一个有情有义的地方,有情,这里是《西厢记》张生和崔莺莺的爱情故事发生地;有义,这里是武圣关公的故乡。文物旅游景点1600余处,国保文物90处、省保文物79处,驰名中外的有武庙之祖——关帝庙,中国四大历史名楼之一——鹳雀楼,艺术宫殿——永乐宫,《西厢记》故事发生地——普救寺,祭祖圣地——舜帝陵,中华瑰宝——黄河大铁牛,国内独此一家的盐湖黑泥浴、豪门望族——闻喜裴氏宰相村,关圣文化建筑群名列中国世界文化遗产预备名单第五位。欢乐彩正在依托丰富的旅游资源,打造文化旅游名市。运城自古就有耕读传家、崇教尚学的优良传统,基础教育和职业技能教育一直走在全省前列,康杰中学、运城中学跻身全国百强示范高中,有各类高等职业院校7所、中等职业院校59所。

四、农业生产条件得天独厚,物产丰饶富足。这里地势平坦、土壤肥沃,全年农作物种植面积654.3千公顷,比上年下降4.4%。粮食种植面积556.9千公顷,下降7.1%。棉花种植面积1.7千公顷,下降27.5%;油料种植面积17.6千公顷,增长30.2%;蔬菜种植面积46.1千公顷,增长7.6%;果园种植面积191.4千公顷,增长1.7%。全年全市农林牧渔业总产值完成457.2亿元,按可比价格算,同比增长2.6%。全年粮食总产量28.7亿公斤,比上年减少2.3亿公斤。全年肉类总产量21.9万吨,增长17.7%。目前已形成粮、果、菜、畜等主导产业和循环产业链条,拥有7个国家级出口食品农产品质量安全示范区,粮食年产量稳定在30亿公斤以上,水果年产量超过60亿公斤。苹果、油桃等优质水果出口美国、澳大利亚、秘鲁等60个国家和地区,出口量3.8亿公斤,占全国出口近四分之一。

五、矿产资源丰富,原材料工业基础雄厚。欢乐彩这里已发现的矿产有61种,已开发利用的有34种。盐湖镁盐产量位居全国第二,铜矿和玻璃石英砂岩储量分别占全省95%和67%,主要矿种的保有量为: 煤碳4.5亿吨,铁矿602.4万吨,铜金属240万吨,铝土矿1064万吨。原材料工业基础雄厚,氧化铝产能330万吨,约占全国的12%;电解铝产能80万吨,约占全国的7%;金属镁产能40万吨,约占全国的30%;焦炭产能1000万吨,为发展原材料深加工,延伸产业链奠定了良好基础。初步形成了煤电铝材、煤焦化、金属镁、运输装备制造、医药、化工、农副产品加工、新型材料等产业集群,打造了大运、亚宝、丰喜等28个中国驰名商标。目前正在加快欢乐彩国家级铝镁合金产业基地、中西部精品钢基地和重卡及新能源汽车产业基地“三大基地”,培育壮大装备制造、新材料、新能源、现代化工、生物医药、电子信息、通用航空等战略性新兴产业,努力走出无煤少煤市转型发展的新路子、内陆地区对外开放的新路子和新型工业化、城镇化、农业现代化融合发展的新路子。

六、生态环境美好,城市宜居宜业。这里是典型的山水平原城市,年平均气温13.3℃,降水量510.7毫米,日照2188.8小时,无霜期188—238天。全市林地面积969.6万亩,森林覆盖率29.1%、名列全省第二,环境承载空间较大。立足盐湖、南山独特的山水优势和关公文化优势,正在打造“河东盐池自然景观”与“关帝庙人文景观”合二为一的龙头景区。全市城镇化率48.94%。总体规划确定市城区面积88.9平方公里,市城区控规覆盖率达到100%。

欢乐彩2018niandiqushengchanzongzhiwancheng1509.6yiyuan,zengzhang7%;guimoyishanggongyezengjiazhiwancheng370.4yiyuan,zengzhang7%;shehuixiaofeipinlingshouzongewancheng792.3yiyuan,zengzhang8.3%;yibangonggongyusuanshouruwancheng80.7yiyuan,zengzhang20.3%;chengzhenjuminrenjunkezhipeishouruwancheng29104yuan,zengzhang6.6%;nongcunjuminrenjunkezhipeishouruwancheng10916yuan,zengzhang9.2%。

历史沿革

tangyaojianguo、shundoupuban、yudouanyiyijixiadedouchengjunzaiyuncheng。

shangweijiuzhouzhongyangjizhouzhidi。diwangsuodouweizhong,guyuezhongguo。

gongyuanqian1525nian,zuyizixiangqiandouyugeng(jinhejin) [8] 

chunqiushitongshujinguo,jinxiangongyuqian669niandingdouyujiang(jinjiangxian)。

han、zhao、weisanjiafenjinhou,yunchengshuwei,weiguodouchengzaianyi。

秦始皇统一中国,设36郡,运城属河东郡,治所安邑。舜帝陵

beiweixiaochangzhongzhitangzhou,zhisuobaimacheng(jinlinfenyaodouqu)。

tangweihedongdao,xiashanxiquanjingjihebeibufendiqu,zhisuohezhongfu(jinyongji)。

beisongshiqiyunchengweishanxiluyongxingjunlu,zhisuojingzhaofu(jinxianshi)。

欢乐彩songweihedonglu,xiashanxidabu、hebeijihenanbufendiqu,zhijinchaoweibian。

欢乐彩yuan、ming、qingyulinfentongweipingyangfu,zhisuopingyang(jinlinfenyaodouqu)。

minguosannianzhishijiunian,yuncheng、linfenjishilou、lingshi、jiaokoutongshuhedongdao。

minguoershibanian(1939nian)4yuezhiyuncheng,xiaanyi、xiangling、fencheng、wanquan、ronghe、linjin、yishi、quwo、yicheng、jiexian、yuxiangdeng20xian。

1949nian,yuncheng、linfenjishilou、jiaokouchenglijinnanxingzhenggongshu,shushanganningbianquzhengfujinnanqu。1950nian,yuanshanganningbianqujinnanqudeyuncheng、linfenjinnan28xianzhengshihuaguishanxisheng,chengliyunchengzhuanquhelinfenzhuanqu,yunchengxia1zhen17xian。1954nian,yuncheng、linfenliangzhuanquhebingweijinnanzhuanqu。1970nian,jinnandiquchexiao,anyuanjianzhihuafenweiyuncheng、linfenlianggediqu。 [9] 

2000nian6yue,jingguowuyuanpizhun,cheyunchengdiqushedijiyunchengshi。 [10]


行政区划 

区划沿革

欢乐彩1949niansheyunchengzhuanqu,zhuanshuzhuyunchengzhen。xiaanyi、wanquan(zhujiedian)、hejin、jishan、xinjiang、wenxi、jiangxian、yuanqu、xiaxian、pinglu(zhushengrenjian)、jiexian、ruicheng、yuxiang、yongji(zhuzhaoyizhen)、linjin、yishi、ronghedeng17xianjiyunchengzhen。

1954nianjiangwanquan、ronghe2xianhebing,gaiweiwanrongxian(zhuyuanwanquanxianjiedian);jiexian、yuxiang2xianhebing,gaiweijieyuxian(zhuyuanjiexiancheng);linjin、yishi2xianhebing,gaiweilinyixian(zhuyuanyishixiancheng)。houchexiaoyunchengzhuanqu,bingrujinnanzhuanqu。

1970niansheyunchengdiqu,diquzhuyunchengxian。yuanshujinnanzhuanqudeyuncheng(zhuyunchengzhen)、xinjiang、jiangxian、jishan、wanrong、yongji(zhuzhaoyizhen)、xiaxian、wenxi、pinglu(zhushengrenjian)、yuanqu(zhuliuzhangzhen)、ruicheng、hejin、linyideng13xianhuaguiyunchengdiqu。

欢乐彩2000nian6yue14ri,jingguowuyuanpizhun: (1)chexiaoyunchengdiquhexianjiyunchengshi,shelidijiyunchengshi。shirenminzhengfuzhuxinshelideyanhuqu。(2)yunchengshisheliyanhuqu,yiyuanxianjiyunchengshidexingzhengquyuweiyanhuqudexingzhengquyu。qurenminzhengfuzhufudongjie。(3)yunchengshixiayuanyunchengdiqudewenxixian、xinjiangxian、pingluxian、yuanquxian、jiangxian、jishanxian、ruichengxian、xiaxian、wanrongxian、linyixianhexinshelideyanhuqu。yuanyunchengdiqudehejinshiheyongjishiyoushanxishengzhixia。10yue,zhengshichedisheshi。 [11] 

区划现状

jiezhi2018nian,yunchengshixia1geshixiaqu,2gexianjishi,10gexian。yunchengshirenminzhengfuzhuyanhuquhedongjie248hao。 [5] 

盐湖区

yanhuquweiyushanxishengxinanbu,shiyunchengshizhengzhi、jingjihewenhuazhongxin,shizhonghuawushengguangongguli、yushunshengdianxizhidi。yanhuquyinyanhuerxing,guweiyanfanzhize,youguoyanyi、kucheng、lucun、shenghuizhen、fenghuangchengdengchengwei;yinyanhuerdeming,zisong、yuanzhiyanyunshi,suizhuchengzhuyunsi,shimingyuncheng,1958nianchengyunchengxian,1983niangaiyunchengxianweiyunchengshi,2000niancheshishequgaichengyanhuqu。quanquxianxia6xiang7zhen8gejiedao,314gexingzhengcun,88geshequ,guotuzongmianji1237pingfangqianmi。 [12]

永济市

yongjishidichushanxishengxinanduan,jin、qin、yusanshengjiaohuidehuanghejinsanjiaoquyuzhongxin。quanshiguotuzongmianji1208pingfangqianmi,xia7zhen3gejiedao,265gexingzhengcun,23geshequ。yongjishishanxishengweiyidexianjizhongguoyouxiulvyouchengshi、shanxishengweiyideguojiajinongyechanyehuashifanjidi,xianhoubeishouyu“quanguoshuangyongmofancheng”、“quanguokejijinbuxianjinshi”、“quanguoshipingongyebaiqiangshi”、“quanguoliangshishengchanxianjinshi”、“zhonghuashicizhixiang”、“zhongguoshirenzhijia”he“quanshengweishengchengshi”、“shengjiyuanlinchengshi”、“quanshengxinnongcunhuanlecaixianjinshi”、“quanshengnongminzengshouxianjinshi”dengrongyuchenghao。 [13]

河津市

欢乐彩hejinshi,guchengjiangzhoulongmen,yindichubinheyaokou,danghuangheyaojin,guming。weiyushanxishengdexinanbu,yunchengshidexibeijiao,fenhehehuanghehuiliudesanjiaodidai。quanshidongxikuan27.5qianmi,nanbeizhang35qianmi,mianji593pingfangqianmi。hejinrenwenlishiyoujiu,“dayuzhishui”“liyutiaolongmen”dengchuanshuofashengzaizheili,chunqiushijinguozhengqingqueque、kongzigaozubuzixia、shishengsimaqian、suidaidaruwangtong、chutangsijiezhishouwangbo、tangchaodajiangxuerengui、quanguozhengxiefuzhuxidongqiwudenglishimingrendouchuzihejin。 [14] 

绛县

jiangxianshichenggujiang,dichushanxishengnanbu,yunchengshidongbeiduan,jutaixingshanzhimo、zhongtiaoshanzhishou,weiyuyunchengshidongbeiyu,zhongtiaoshanxibeilu,dichuyuncheng、linfen、jinchengsanshijiaojiedidai。xia8zhen2xiang、205gexingzhengcun,guotuzongmianji996pingfangqianmi。jiangxianshiyaodeguxiang,“yaodechuanshuo”beiguowuyuangongbuweiguojiajifeiwuzhiwenhuayichan。xizhoushiqiweipengguogudi,pengguowenhuafajuejibingmayongzhihoudiergehuodequanguokaoguzuigaojiang“tianyejiang”。yin《zuochuan》zhongjizaide“jiangxianlaoren”shizhongguoxianqinlishiwenxianzhongchuxiandediyigexianming,jiangxianguyou“tianxiadiyixian”zhicheng。 [15]

夏县

欢乐彩xiayufenzhongguoweijiuzhou。anyishujizhou,weihouguodi。qian21shiji,xiayuzhiziqijiandouyuci。fanwenlan《zhongguotongshijianbian》zai: "qifangqiyangzhai,xiqiandaodaxia,jiananyi"。xiaxianxia6zhen5xiang,257gexingzhengcun,guotumianji1352.6pingfangqianmi,shizhonghuaminzudefaxiangdizhiyi,quanxianjiluzaidangdemingshengguji143chu,qizhongguobao9chu,shengbao3chu。senlinfugailvda44.56%,xianhoubeipingwei“quanguolvhuamofanxian”、“zhongguolvsemingxian”he“quanshenglinyeshengtaixian”。 [16]

新绛县

jiangzhoushizuolishiyoujiudegucheng,chunqiushicengweijindou,zhanguoshishuwei。suikaihuangsannian(583nian)zhouzhicongyubiqianzhijinxianchengchu。xinjiangxiaoshougongyefada,jiaotongbianli,minjianyou“qishierxingyangyangyou”、“shuihanmatou,jiaotongshuniu”he“nanjiangbeidai”dezanyu。xia8zhen1xiang。 [17]

稷山县

欢乐彩jishanxianweiyushanxishengxinanbu,yunchengshizhengbeiduan,gushujizhou,chunqiushujin,zhanguoshuwei,tangshujiangzhou,zibeiweishexianzhijin。jishanshizhonghuaminzunonggengwenmingdefaxiangdi,zhongguonongyeshizuhoujicengzaicishuyiwugu、jiaominjiase,jishanxianmingyoucierlai。guotumianji686pingfangqianmi,xiaxia5zhen,gong200gexingzhengcun。jiwangmiaoshiquanguojisihoujizuidademiaoyu,dafosiyouzhongguozuidadetudiaodafo。 [18] 

芮城县

ruichengxianbeiyitiaoshan,nanlinhuanghe,dongjiezhongyuan,xilianqinchuan,shishanxishengdenandamen,suyou“jimingyishengtingsansheng”zhiyu。zaozai180wannianqian,huaxiaxianzuxihoudurenjizaizheililaodongshengxi。《shijing·weifeng》jiweicaixieyucidegudaiminge。qingliangsixinshiqishidaigumuqunrongying“quanguo2004niandushidakaoguxinfaxian”zhiyi。ruichengshidaojiaoshizulvdongbindedanshengdi、chengdaodihezutingsuozaidi。weijinianlvzuerxiujiandeyonglegongshizhongguoxiancunzuizao、zuidahebaocunzuiweiwanzhengdedaojiaogongguan,yubeijingbaiyunguan、shanxizhongyanggonggongweiquanzhenjiaosandazuting。 [19]

临猗县

linyixianguchengxunyang,weijuhuanghezhongyouqinjinyujinsanjiaodidaibeiyan,xia14gexiangzhen,375gexingzhengcun,zongmianji1339.32pingfangqianmi。xilinhuanghe,dongwangtaiyue,beipingemeiling,nanmianzhongtiaoshan,dishipingtan,wushanwukuang,shishanxishengdepingchuanxian。yaoshunshiweidianfuzhidi,xiadaizaicijianyouyiguo。chunqiushiqidashangrenyidunzaizheilichumuniuyang,jingyingzhubao,fujiatianxia,kanchengshangyebizu。lishishangcengchuzaixiang6ren。dangdaimingrenyoukangrimingjiangfuzuoyi,qianguowuyuanfuzonglijipengfeidengdangheguojialingdaoren。 [20] 

万荣县

wanrongxianweiyushanxishengxinanbu,yunchengshixibeibu,huanghedongan。dichujinxinanhuangtugaoyuan,huangheyufenhejiaohuichu。zongmianji1080.5pingfangqianmi,xiaxiangzhen14ge,xingzhengcun281ge。wanrongxianlishiyoujiu,shizhonghuaminzufaxiangdizhiyi,shishushangcengyou“huangtianhoutu”dejizai。zixuanyuanhuangdizaizheili“saodiweitanjihoutu”zhisongzhenzonghuangdi,xianhouyou8weihuangdi24cizaizheilijisi。hanwudi8cixunxinghedong,jiu7cidaozheilijisi,bingliuxialeqiangujuechang《qiufengci》。 [21]

闻喜县

wenxixianweiyushanxishengjingxinan,yunchengpendibeibu,mianji1164pingfangqianmi,xia7zhen6xiang [22]。zihanwudixunshijingciwenponanyuexigaizuoyitongxiangweiwenxizhijin,yiyou2100yunianlishi。zheiliyouxinshidai、yangshao、longshanshiqiheshangzhoushiqidewenhuayizhi,youchunqiuzhanguo、han、tang、song、qingdengshiqidegumuqun;youhoujijiaominjiase、dongfufengdishihuanlongzhichuanshuo;youyimenshidaichujiangxiangmingyangzhongwaidepeishijiazu;youweiweixinbianfaerdiexuexingchangde“wuxuliujunzi”zhiyiyangshenxiu;youduocishoudaomaozedongzhuxi、zhouenlaizonglijiejiandequanguozhimianlaomowujichang。 [23]

垣曲县

yuanquxianweiyushanxishengnanbu,yunchengshidongduan,dichuzhongtiaoshanfudi、huangheanpan。guotuzongmianji1620pingfangqianmi,xia11gexiang(zhen)、188gexingzhengcun、1277gezirancun。yuanquyuanguchengzhenzhailicun“shijishuyuanhuashi”defaxian,zhengmingrenleishizuzaiyuanqu,congertuifanle“renleiqiyuanyufeizhou”delunduan,barenleiqiyuanshixiangqiantuijinle1000wannian;yuanqushidishunguli,《mengzi》liyou“shunshengyuzhufeng、qianyufuxia、gengyulishan、zuyumingtiao”dejizai,guanyushundezhongduochuanshuoheyijijunzaixianjingneidedaoyinzheng。 [24]

平陆县

pingluxianweiyushanxishengnanduan,dichuqinjinyuhuanghejinsanjiaodidai,beikaozhongtiaoshanyuhedongpendixiangyi,nanlinhuangheyuhenanshengsanmenxiashixiangwang。guotumianji1173.5pingfangqianmi,xiaxia6zhen4xiang1qu,228gexingzhengcun。pingluxianxiachaohezhouchaoshi,chengweiyuguo;xihanshi,beichengweida(tai)yangxian;tangchaotianbaoyuannianshichengpinglu。zheilishi“antusuoji”、“boleshima”、“chunwangchihan”、“zhongliudizhu”dedanshengdi,haishihanmu“zaoyuanbihua”,mingju“sanmenma”,yuanshigongchanzhuyizuzhizhiyi“zhaojiahuashizugongshe”deyizhi。 [25]

地理环境

位置境遇

欢乐彩yunchengshiweiyushanxishengnanduan,yushanxi、henanliangshenggehuangheerxiangwang,beiyulinfenshipilian,dongyujinchengjierang。jieyudongjing110°15'—112°04',beiwei34°35'—35°49'zhijian,dongxizhang201.87qianmi,nanbeikuan127.47qianmi,zongmianji13968pingfangqianmi,zhanshanxishengzongmianjide9%,qizhongpingyuanmianji8136pingfangqianmi,zhanzongmianji58.2%。

地形地貌

欢乐彩yunchengdixingbijiaofuza,xiangduigaochamingxian,zuigaofengweiyuanqujingneideshunwangping,haiba2321.8mi;zuidichuweiyuanquxianjingneidexiyangheruhuanghechu,haiba180mi。yunchengjuyoupingyuan、shandi、qiuling、pendi、taididengduozhongdimaoleixing,pingyuanmianjizhanzongmianjide58.2%,shandi、qiulingzhanzongmianjide41.8%。zhuyaoyouzhongtiaoshan、lvliangshan、jiwangshan、gufengshan4dashanmai,mianji2674pingfangqianmi,zhanzongmianjide19.1%。 [26] 

气候特征

yunchengquannianshoujifenghuodongyingxiang,shunuanwendaidaluxingjifengqihou。dongjishouxiboliyaganlengqiliukongzhi,shengxingxibeijifeng,qihoutedianweihanleng、ganzao;xiajishoutaipingyangnuanshiqiliukongzhi,shengxingdongnanjifeng,qihoutedianshigaowen、duoyu,jiangyujizhongqieduobaoyuheleizhenyu。nianjunqiwen13.3℃,yiyuejunwen-2.2℃,qiyuejunwen27.4℃;rizhaoshizhang2039.5xiaoshi;shuangdongqiweishiyuexiaxunzhiciniansiyueshangxun,wushuangqi212tian。

duonianpingjunjiangshuiliang(1956—2005nian)wei525haomi,jiangyunianjibianhuada,zuidanianfenjiangyuliang945.8haomi,fashengzai1958nian,zuixiao305.0haomi,fashengzai1997nian。jiangshuiliangnianneifenpeijibujunyun,dongchunjiaoshao,zhanquannian20%zuoyou,xiaqiujitebiejizhong,yuezhanquanniande70%zuoyou;7、8liangyuejiangshuiliangzhannianjiangshuiliangde40%zuoyou。shoudixingjiqihouyinsudeyingxiang,jiangshuiliangquyufenbubujunyun,congdongnande750haomixiangxibeidijianzhi500haomi。[27] 

2016nian,yunchengshipingjunqiwen14.4℃,nianpingjunzongjiangshuiliang504.8haomi,pingjunzongrizhaoshishu2057.6xiaoshi。 [28-29] 

水文概况

yunchengjingneiyoushanxizuidadanshuihu——wuxinghuyijixiaochi、tanglitan、yazichi、beimentandengtianranhubo,bingjianyoushangmashuikuhekuchishuiku。yunchengshuhuangheliuyu,guojingheliuyouhuanghe、fenhe,jingneiliuyumianji100pingfangqianmiyishangdeheliuyou25tiao,xunqiweimeinian6zhi9yue。shoudilihuanjingheqihoutiaojianzhiyue,quneiheliujuyoushandixinghexiayuxingdeshuangzhongtezheng。zaiheliuxingtai、hedaotezhengfangmianbiaoxianwei: gouhemiduda,shuixifayu;heliupodouliuji,qinshiqiegeyanzhong。jingliuhenishadetedian: hongshuibaozhangbaoluo,hanshaliangda,nianjingliujizhongyuxunqi,kushuiqijingliuxiaoerbuwen。 [30] 

黄河

huangheconghejinsitaxicerujing,yanqinjinxiaguzibeixiangnan。chuyumenkouhou,heshidunkai,hechuangkuankuo,youbeixiangnanjinghejin、wanrong、linyi、yongji,zairuichengxiandefenglingduquzhexiangdong,guopinglu、xiaxian,daoyuanquxiandenianpangouchujing,gongliujing8gexian(shi),liuzhang396qianmi,weiyunchengzuidadekeshuiziyuan。duonianpingjunjingliuliang(longmenzhan)wei319.69yilifangmi,duonianpingjunliuliangwei1014.4lifangmi/miao。 [30] 

汾河

欢乐彩fenhezixinjiangxiannanliangcunrujing,jingxinjiang、jishan、hejin、wanrong4xian(shi),youwanrongxianmiaoqianhuiruhuanghe,liuzhang145.2qianmi,liuyumianji2943pingfangqianmi;juhejinbodishuiwenzhanguanceziliao,duonianpingjunliuliang33.8lifangmi/miao。 [30] 

涑水河

sushuihefayuanyujiangxiandechencunyu,xiangxinanliujingjiangxian、wenxi、xiaxian、yanhu、linyi、yongji6xian(shi、qu),quanzhang196qianmi,luocha445mi,zongpo1/400,liuyumianji5774pingfangqianmi。juzhangliuzhuangshuiwenzhanguanceziliao,duonianpingjunliuliang0.54lifangmi/miao。 [30] 

姚暹渠

yaoxianqushilishishangweibaohuyanchierxiuzhudeyitiaorengonghedao,kaiwayunanbeichaobeiweiernian(505nian),yuanmingyongfengqu,suichaodayenianjiandouyanshiyaoxian,weibaohuyanchizhengchangshengchanzhongkaiergaiming。yaoxianquzixiaxianwangyukouqi,yanzhongtiaoshanbeilulanjieliugou、sigou、diaoyahe、shijiayu、chiyudenggoudaolaishui,xiangxibeirukuchixuzhihongqu,jingyanhu、yunchengchengqu,zaiyongjiruwuxinghu,quanzhang86qianmi,luocha110mi,zongpo1/770,liuyumianji2127pingfangqianmi。 [30] 

自然资源

土地资源

欢乐彩jiezhi2018nianmo,yunchengshigengdibaoyouliang494326.7gongqing。guoyouhuanlecaiyongdigongyingzongliang843gongqing。qizhong,gongkuangcangchuyongdi205.5gongqing,fangdichanyongdi197.4gongqing,shangyehuanlecaiyongdi27.9gongqing,jichusheshidengqitayongdi412.2gongqing。 [6] 

矿藏资源

欢乐彩yunchengdiqudizhigouzaofuza,kuangchanziyuanfengfu,jingdizhikantanlierushanxishengkuangchanchuliangbiaodeyoumei、tie、jin、yin、tong、lv、xin、qian、gu、mu、mangxiao、yanyan、bainameifan、lushui、rongjihuiyan、huiyan、zhantu、lin、zhangshi、bolishiyingshayan、zhongjingshideng21zhong。qizhong,juyoukaicaijiazhideyue54zhong,juyouyoushidekuangchanziyuanweitong、qian、mei(meiyan、baiyunyan)、mangxiao、shihuiyan、dalishi、guishideng。

youshikuangzhongyoubeixiangnancheng“erdianyixian”shifenbu,qizhonghejinshixiahuaxiangyidaijipingluyuyuanqujiaojiechuyidaidemeikuangheshihuiyan、baiyunyanyuzhongbuyanhuqusanlulizhiwanrongxiansanwenyidaidebaiyunyan,huiyangoucheng“erdian”;nanbuzhongtiaoshanquneishengkuangchantong、tiedengchengxianzhuangfenbu;dankuangzhongfenbuxiangduijizhong,tongkuangshiyunchengdiyidakuangyezhizhu,chuliangzhanquanshengzongchuliangde93.99%,fenbuyuyuanquxianhewenxixiandejierangdiqu;shihuishiziyuanfengfu,zhuyaofenbuzaihejinshilongmenshan—xiaikou—weijiayuanyidai,kuangtipingjunhoudu1.5-30mi,yilutiankaicai。 [31] 

  人口

  jiezhi2018nianmo,yunchengshichangzhurenkouwei535.97wanren,bishangnianmozengjia2.36wanren。nannvxingbiebiwei102.57(nvxingwei100)。quannianchushengrenkou5.19wanren,chushenglvwei9.70‰;siwangrenkou2.83wanren,siwanglvwei5.28‰;ziranzengzhanglvwei4.42‰。changzhurenkouchengzhenhualvdadao50.20%,bishangniantigao1.26%。 [6] 

经济综述

2018nian,yunchengshishixiandiqushengchanzongzhi(gdp)1509.6yiyuan,ankebijiagejisuan,bishangnianzengzhang7.0%。qizhong: diyichanyezengjiazhi225.7yiyuan,zengzhang2.4%;dierchanyezengjiazhi556yiyuan,zengzhang7.0%;disanchanyezengjiazhi727.9yiyuan,zengzhang8.5%。disanchanyezhong,jiaotongyunshu、cangchuheyouzhengye111.1yiyuan,zengzhang2.5%;pifahelingshouye109.1yiyuan,zengzhang4.2%;jinrongye89.9yiyuan,zengzhang5.2%;fangdichanye57.8yiyuan,zengzhang0.5%。sancichanyegouchengyoushangniande16.0: 36.4: 47.6,diaozhengwei15.0: 36.8: 48.2。renjundiqushengchanzongzhi28229yuan,bishangnianzengzhang6.5%,an2018nianpingjunhuilvjisuanwei4266meiyuan。 [6] 

固定资产投资

2018nian,yunchengshigudingzichantouzibishangnianxiajiang12.9%。qizhong,minjiantouzixiajiang16.9%,zhanquanshitouzibizhong71.7%。fenchanyekan,diyichanyetouzixiajiang54.9%,dierchanyetouzixiajiang9.8%,disanchanyetouzixiajiang0.5%,qizhongjichusheshitouzixiajiang8.5%。shehuilingyutouzizhong,wenhuatiyuyuleyetouzibishangnianzengzhang93.8%,jiaoyutouzizengzhang13.9%,weishengtouzizengzhang16.4%。 [6] 

财税收支

欢乐彩2018nian,yunchengshicaizhengzongshouruwancheng158.9yiyuan,bishangnianzengzhang22.7%。yibangonggongyusuanshouruwancheng80.7yiyuan,zengzhang20.3%。qizhong,shuishoushouruwancheng58yiyuan,zengzhang21.8%。quannianyibangonggongyusuanzhichu337.9yiyuan,zengzhang11.5%。quannianguimoyishanggongyeqiyeshixianlirun119yiyuan,bishangnianzengzhang69.4%。fenmenleikan,caikuangyeshixianlirun20.1yiyuan,zengzhang82.6%;zhizaoye105yiyuan,zengzhang53.6%;dianlireliranqijishuishengchanhegongyingyekuisun6yiyuan。 [6] 

人民生活

欢乐彩2018nian,yunchengshijuminrenjunkezhipeishouru18707yuan,bishangnianzengzhang9.1%。juminrenjunxiaofeizhichu10708yuan,bishangnianzengzhang12%。anchangzhudifen,chengzhenjuminrenjunkezhipeishouru29104yuan,zengzhang6.6%,chengzhenjuminrenjunxiaofeizhichu13641yuan,zengzhang10.7%;nongcunjuminrenjunkezhipeishouru10916yuan,zengzhang9.2%,nongcunjuminrenjunxiaofeizhichu8710yuan,zengzhang12.7%。chengzhenzhandiaochazonghushu20%dedishourujiatingrenjunkezhipeishouru9587yuan,zengzhang8.1%;nongcunzhandiaochazonghushu20%dedishourujiatingrenjunkezhipeishouru3558yuan,zengzhang13.8%。

2018nian,yunchengshijuminxiaofeijiagebishangnianshangzhang1.5%。qizhong,shipinyanjiujiageshangzhang0.5%,shenghuoyongpinjihuanlecaijiageshangzhang2.6%。shangpinlingshoujiagebishangnianshangzhang2.4%。gongyeshengchanzhechuchangjiageshangzhang6.2%,qizhong,shengchanziliaojiageshangzhang6.9%,shenghuoziliaojiageshangzhang1.0%。gongyeshengchanzhegoujinjiageshangzhang5.5%。 [6] 

第一产业

2018nian,yunchengshinonglinmuyuyezongchanzhiwancheng457.2yiyuan,ankebijiagejisuan,tongbizengzhang2.6%。nonglinmuyuyezengjiazhiwancheng241.3yiyuan,zengzhang2.4%。qizhong,nongye186.6yiyuan,xiajiang0.1%;linye2.6yiyuan,zengzhang7.7%;muye35.5yiyuan,zengzhang17.0%;yuye1.2yiyuan,xiajiang11.6%;nonglinmuyuhuanlecaiye15.4yiyuan,zengzhang2.4%。 [6] 

种植业

2018nian,yunchengshinongzuowuzhongzhimianji654.3qiangongqing,bishangnianxiajiang4.4%。liangshizhongzhimianji556.9qiangongqing,xiajiang7.1%。qizhong,xialiang276.0qiangongqing,xiajiang6.2%;qiuliang280.9qiangongqing,xiajiang8.0%(yumi250.5qiangongqing,xiajiang7.7%);mianhuazhongzhimianji1.7qiangongqing,xiajiang27.5%;youliaozhongzhimianji17.6qiangongqing,zengzhang30.2%;shucaizhongzhimianji46.1qiangongqing,zengzhang7.6%;guoyuanmianji191.4qiangongqing,zengzhang1.7%,qizhong,pingguoyuanmianji95.4qiangongqing,xiajiang5.6%。liangshizongchanliang28.7yiqianke,bishangnianjianshao2.3yiqianke,xiajiang7.3%。qizhong,xiaomai14.1yiqianke,jianchan1.1yiqianke,xiajiang7.0%;qiuliang14.6yiqianke,jianchan1.2yiqianke,xiajiang7.5%。 [6] 

林业

欢乐彩2018nian,yunchengshidangnianzaolinmianji11887gongqing。qizhong,huangshanhuangdizaolinmianji4220gongqing。jiezhi2018nianmo,yunchengshiyongyousenlinmianji46.8wangongqing,senlinfugailv29.4%。 [6] 

畜牧业

2018nian,yunchengshirouleizongchanliang21.9wandun,zengzhang17.7%。qizhong,zhurouchanliang15.9wandun,zengzhang16.6%;niurouchanliang0.4wandun,xiajiang7.5%;yangrouchanliang1.1wandun,zengzhang4.7%;qinrouchanliang4.5wandun,zengzhang10.4%。qindanchanliang31.4wandun,zengzhang15.0%;naileichanliang4.0wandun,xiajiang9.2%。 [6] 

渔业

2018nian,yunchengshishuichanpinchanliang2.3wandun,xiajiang11.6%。 [6] 

生产条件

jiezhi2018nianmo,yunchengshinongyejixiezongdongli297.0wanqianwa,bishangnianzengzhang20.5%。jixiegengdimianji48.1wangongqing,jixiebozhongmianji53.1wangongqing,jixieshouhuomianji50.8wangongqing。 [6] 

第二产业

工业

2018nian,yunchengshiquanbugongyezengjiazhi437.7yiyuan,bishangnianzengzhang7.1%。guimoyishanggongyezengjiazhibishangnianzengzhang7.0%,qizhong,jienenghuanbaochanyezengjiazhizengzhang15.5%,xincailiaochanyezengzhang25.5%,xinnengyuanchanyezengzhang32.8%,shengwuchanyezengzhang0.8%。quannianguimoyishanggongyechanpinxiaoshoulvwei99.5%。guimoyishanggongyezhong,qidachuantongxingyezengjiazhibishangnianzengzhang10.1%,26gefeichuantongxingyezengjiazhizengzhang1.5%。fensandamenleikan,2018nian,yunchengshicaikuangyezengjiazhibishangnianxiajiang1.0%,zhanguishanggongyezengjiazhibizhong16.6%;zhizaoyezengjiazhizengzhang9%,zhanguishanggongyezengjiazhibizhong81.1%;dianli、reli、ranqijishuishengchanhegongyingyezengjiazhizengzhang1.5%,zhanguishanggongyezengjiazhibizhong2.3%。fenjingjileixingkan,guoyouqiyezengjiazhibishangnianzengzhang39.0%,jitiqiyezengzhang47.7%,gufenzhiqiyezengzhang7.5%,waishangjigangaotaishangtouziqiyexiajiang20.7%。fenqiyeguimokan,daxingqiyegongyezengjiazhizengzhang8.0%,zhongxingqiyezengzhang2.4%,xiaoxingqiyezengzhang9.8%,weixingqiyezengzhang21.7%。guimoyishanggongyeqiyeshixianzhuyingyewushouru1850.3yiyuan,bishangnianzengzhang17.5%;shixianlishui178.0yiyuan,zengzhang52.6%;shixianlirun119.0yiyuan,zengzhang69.4%。qizhong,heisejinshuyelianheyayanjiagongyeshixianlirun56.4yiyuan,zengzhang106.8%;shiyoumeitanjiqitaranliaojiagongye21.9yiyuan,zengzhang53.4%;meitankaicaihexixuanye20.5yiyuan,zengzhang84.8%;huaxueyuanliaohehuaxuezhipinzhizaoye5.4yiyuan,zengzhang113.5%;qichezhizaoye5.3yiyuan,xiajiang7.2%。nianmoguimoyishanggongyeqiyezichanfuzhailvwei68.5%,bishangnianmoxiajiang1.3%。quannianguishanggongyeqiyemeibaiyuanzhuyingyewushouruzhongdechengbenwei84.8yuan,bishangnianxiajiang1.6yuan。quannianguimoyishanggongyezhong,zhanlvexingxinxingchanyezengjiazhibishangnianzengzhang9%,zhanguishanggongyebizhongwei11.1%;zhuangbeizhizaoyezengjiazhizengzhang15.5%,zhanguishanggongyebizhongwei12.1%。quanniangongyejishugaizaotouzi100.1yiyuan,bishangnianzengzhang31.6%。quannianxianeyishangqiyewangluoshangpinlingshouebishangnianzengzhang18.2%。 [6] 

建筑业

2018nian,yunchengshijianzhuyeshixianzengjiazhi121.3yiyuan,bishangnianzengzhang6.3%。zizhiyishangjianzhuqiyezongchanzhi146.4yiyuan,zengzhang5.4%,gongqiandinghetonge202.8yiyuan,zengzhang5.4%。zizhiyishangjianzhuqiyegong206jia,qizhong,yijiqiye14jia。 [6] 

第三产业

国内贸易

欢乐彩2018nian,yunchengshishehuixiaofeipinlingshouzonge792.3yiyuan,bishangnianzengzhang8.3%。anguimotongji,xianeyishangxiaofeipinlingshoue282.8yiyuan,zengzhang4.3%;xianeyixiaxiaofeipinlingshoue509.5yiyuan,zengzhang9.2%。anjingyingditongji,chengzhenxiaofeipinlingshoue608.0yiyuan,zengzhang7.2%;xiangcunxiaofeipinlingshoue184.3yiyuan,zengzhang12.0%。zaixianeyishangqiyeshangpinlingshouezhong,liangyou、shipinleilingshouebishangnianxiajiang8.4%,yanjiuleizengzhang13.4%,fuzhuang、xiemao、zhenfangzhipinleizengzhang6.5%,huazhuangpinleizengzhang7.6%,jinyinzhubaoleizengzhang12.2%,riyongpinleizengzhang7.3%,jiayongdianqiheyinxiangqicaileizengzhang12.0%,zhongxiyaopinleizengzhang14.1%,jiajuleizengzhang22.5%,jianzhujizhuanghuangcailiaoleixiajiang5.3%,shiyoujizhipinleizengzhang18.4%,qicheleixiajiang13.7%。 [6] 

对外经济

欢乐彩2018nian,yunchengshijinchukouzonge77.1yiyuan,bishangnianxiajiang16.3%(yimeiyuanjijiawei11.7yimeiyuan,xiajiang14.1%)。qizhong,jinkou49.8yiyuan,xiajiang25.1%(yimeiyuanjijiawei7.6yimeiyuan,xiajiang23%);chukou27.3yiyuan,zengzhang6.6%(yimeiyuanjijiawei4.1yimeiyuan,zengzhang9%)。quannianjinkoumengkuangsha10.3yiyuan,zengzhang35.3%;jinkoutongkuangsha29.4yiyuan,xiajiang27.4%;jinkougekuangsha2.6yiyuan,xiajiang30.7%。quannianchukoumeijimeizhipin3.8yiyuan,zengzhang52.2%;chukoujidianchanpin7.6yiyuan,zengzhang29.0%;chukounongchanpin2.0yiyuan,zengzhang11.7%;chukoufangzhiwu4.4yiyuan,xiajiang19.4%。congjinchukouguobiehediqukan,duizhilishixianjinchukouzonge20.3yiyuan,zengzhang29.4%;nanfei11.1yiyuan,zengzhang143.2%;jianada5.4yiyuan,zengzhang24.3%;meiguo5.2yiyuan,zengzhang16.5%;oumengzuzhi4.2yiyuan,xiajiang47%。hetongliyongwaizizonge16858.7wanmeiyuan,shijiliyongwaizi1687.7wanmeiyuan。dangnianxinsheliwaishangzhijietouziqiye8jia。 [6] 

房地产业

2018nian,yunchengshifangdichankaifatouzi103.9yiyuan,bishangnianzengzhang14.7%。qizhong,zhuzhaitouzi82.3yiyuan,zengzhang9.1%。nianmoshangpinfangdaishoumianji128.4wanpingfangmi,bishangnianmojianshao51.4wanpingfangmi。shangpinfangdaishoumianji128.4wanpingfangmi,bishangnianmoxiajiang28.6%,qizhong,shangpinzhuzhaidaishoumianji80.8wanpingfangmi,bishangnianmojianshao32.0wanpingfangmi,xiajiang28.4%。 [6] 

邮电通信

2018nian,yunchengshiyoudianyewuzongliang139yiyuan,bishangnianzengzhang30.3%。qizhong,youzhengyewuzongliang11.5yiyuan,zengzhang23.3%;dianxinyewuzongliang127.4yiyuan,zengzhang30.9%。youzhengyequannianwanchengyouzhenghanjianyewu95.5wanjian,baoguoyewu2.8wanjian,kuaidiyewuliang3651.1wanjian。nianmogudingjiyidongdianhuayonghuzongshudadao503.5wanhu。qizhong,gudingdianhua28.7wanhu,yidongdianhua474.8wanhu。zaiyidongdianhuayonghuzhong,4gyonghu376.7wanhu。dianhuapujilvdadao94.9bu/bairen。qizhong,gudingdianhuaheyidongdianhuapujilvfenbiewei5.4bu/bairenhe89.5bu/bairen。quanshikuandaijieruyonghudadao137wanhu,zengzhang15.7%。 [6] 

旅游业

欢乐彩2018nian,yunchengshijiedaiguoneiyouke8355.5wanrenci,zengzhang24.6%。jiedairujingyouke35494renci,zengzhang5.5%。qizhong,waiguoren9978renci,zengzhang7.5%;xianggangtongbao9208renci,zengzhang5.2%;aomentongbao6048renci,zengzhang4.4%;taiwantongbao10260renci,zengzhang4.5%。quannianlvyouzongshouru705.9yiyuan,zengzhang26.9%。qizhong,guoneilvyoushouru705.2yiyuan,zengzhang26.9%;lvyouwaihuishouru1041.1wanmeiyuan,zengzhang6.2%。 [6] 

金融业

欢乐彩jiezhi2018nianmo,yunchengshiquanbujinrongjigoubenwaibigexiangcunkuanyue2283.6yiyuan,binianchuzengzhang12.6%,qizhongrenminbigexiangcunkuanyue2278.8yiyuan,binianchuzengzhang12.7%。quanbujinrongjigoubenwaibigexiangdaikuanyue1158.7yiyuan,binianchuzengzhang5.7%,qizhongrenminbigexiangdaikuanyue1157.2yiyuan,binianchuzengzhang5.7%。nianmonongcunjinrongjigou(nongcunxinyongshe、nongshangyinxing、cunzhenyinxing)renminbidaikuanyue500.6yiyuan,binianchuzengzhang12.1%。

欢乐彩2018nian,yunchengshizhengquanshichanggeleizhengquanchengjiaoe850yiyuan,bishangnianxiajiang18.1%。qizhonggupiaochengjiaoe591yiyuan,jijinchengjiaoe227.5yiyuan,zhaiquanchengjiaoe1.6yiyuan。nianmotouzizhezijinzhanghukaihuzongshu22.4wanhu。 [6] 

保险业

jiezhi2018nianmo,yunchengshigongyoubaoxiangongsi43jia,quannianbaofeishouru105.9yiyuan,bishangnianzengzhang5.1%。qizhong,caichanxianbaofeishouru24.9yiyuan,zengzhang8.9%;renshenxianbaofeishouru81yiyuan,zengzhang4%。quannianzhifugeleipeikuanjijifu32.8yiyuan,zengzhang4.9%。 [6] 


yunchengyanhu


交通运输

交通

截至2018年末,运城市公路通车里程15802千米,其中,国道1248千米,省道695千米,县道2611千米,乡、村道及专用道11248千米;高速公路603千米。全市公路密度111千米/百平方千米。 [6] 

公路

yunchengshichengqutongwanggexianshideyixiaoshijingjiquanyijingxingcheng,lvxianzaishanxishengshixiancuncuntongyoulugongcheng。 [7] 

铁路

欢乐彩nantongputieluzongguanyunchengshinanbei,xinanfangxiangyulonghaitieludadongmailianjie;houxitieluhenggendongxi,nantongputieluhoumazhidongzhenduanwanchengfuxianhuanlecai;daxikezhuan(taiyuannanzhixianbeiduan)yu2014nian7yue1rizhengshitongcheyunying;mengxizhihuazhongdiqutielumeiyuntongdaoyunchengduanjihuayu2014niankaigonghuanlecai。yunchengbeizhanweishanxishengjingneide3geyijizhandianzhiyi。 [7] 

航空

jiezhi2018nianmo,yunchengjichanggongkaitongleyuncheng—beijing、shanghai、guangzhou、shenzhen、chengdou、tianjin、kunming、haikou、zhangsha、wulumuqi、hangzhou、nanjing、shamen、sanya、haerbin、dalian、nanchang、nanning、ningbo、qingdao、wuxi、guiyang、hefei、fuzhou、zhongqing、shenyang、yinchuan、guilin、mangu、batiya、xianggang、zhuhai、quanzhou、wenzhoudeng34geguoneiwaichengshi,gong33tiaohangxian。

运输

欢乐彩2018nian,yunchengshigonglukeyunliang2668wanren,bishangnianxiajiang3.4%;gongluhuoyunliang16076wandun,bishangnianzengzhang3.3%。gonglulvkeyunshuzhouzhuanliang13.8yirenqianmi,bishangnianzengzhang0.3%;gongluhuowuyunshuzhouzhuanliang396yidunqianmi,bishangnianzengzhang4.8%。quannianminhanglvkeyunshuliang205.3wanren,bishangnianzengzhang42.1%;huoyunliang0.5wandun,tongbizengzhang59.4%。quannianfeijiqijiangzongjiaciwei34630jiaci,zengzhang7%;youhangxianjiaciwei18148jiaci,zengzhang46%。

jiezhi2018nianmo,yunchengshiminyongcheliangyongyouliang114.9wanliang,bishangnianmozengjia6.4%。minyongqichebaoyouliangdadao83.6wanliang(baokuosanlunqichehedisuhuoche559liang),bishangnianmozengzhang10.9%。qizhong,sirenqiche76wanliang,zengzhang11.2%。bennianxinzhuceqiche8.8wanliang,bishangnianxiajiang15.3%。nianmojiaochebaoyouliang53.2wanliang,bishangnianzengzhang12.2%,qizhongsirenjiaoche51.4wanliang,zengzhang12.5%。nianmomotuochebaoyouliang20.7wanliang,bishangnianmoxiajiang6%。nianmotuolajibaoyouliang8wanliang,bishangnianmozengzhang2%。 [6] 

gaotieyunchengbeizhan


社会事业

科技事业

2018nian,yunchengshishoulizhuanlishenqing2392jian,bishangnianzengzhang24.2%。qizhong,shoulifamingzhuanlishenqing689jian,bishangnianzengzhang40.9%。quanshishouyuzhuanliquan1425jian,zengzhang37.4%。qizhong,shouyufamingzhuanliquan131jian。quannianyou15gexiangmulieruguojia、shenggeleikejijihua,huodexiangmuyanjiuzijin1442wanyuan。quanshiyouguojiajibenqixiangguancezhan3ge,guojiayibanqixiangguancezhan10ge。qixiangzixunhuanlecai12121dianhuaxianlu120lu。quanshiqixiangxitongkaizhanrengongyingxiangtianqiyewudanwei13ge,fangbao、zengyushouyifugaimianji0.7wanpingfangqianmi,zengyuliang2.9yilifangmi。quanshiyouweixingyuntujieshouzhan1ge。quanshiyouzhuanyezonghedizhentai(zhan)1ge,shijidizhentaiwangzhongxin1ge,shuzicezhentaiwang1ge,shuzicezhenzitai4ge,xianjidizhenjiancetai(zhan)13ge。2018nian,yunchengshizuidazhenji1.9ji。 [6] 

教育事业

欢乐彩2018nian,yunchengshiputonggaodengyuanxiaozhaosheng15863ren,zaixiaosheng53351ren,biyesheng17327ren。geleizhongdengzhiyexuexiaozhaosheng15853ren,zaixiaosheng44059ren,biyesheng16586ren。putonggaozhongzhaosheng28732ren,zaixiaosheng96439ren,biyesheng35931ren。chuzhongzhaosheng52612ren,zaixiaosheng156053ren,biyesheng47823ren。putongxiaoxuezhaosheng56367ren,zaixiaosheng296293ren,biyesheng51400ren。teshujiaoyuzhaosheng297ren,zaixiaosheng1640ren,biyesheng159ren。zaiyuanyouershu173285ren。 [6] 


文化事业

jiezhi2018nianmo,yunchengshigongyouyishubiaoyantuanti17ge,qunzhongyishuguan1ge,wenhuaguan13ge。gonggongtushuguan13ge,guanzangtushu150.5wance。bowuguan23ge,danganguan14ge。shijiyishangzhongdianwenwubaohudanwei272chu,qizhongguojiaji90chu,shengji79chu,shiji103chu。yongyouguangbodianshitai13zuo,youxiandianshiyonghu43.3wanhu。guangborenkoufugailv98.8%,dianshirenkoufugailv99.4%。quanniansongxixiaxiangyanchu2700yuchang,huijijicengqunzhong200wanrenci,nongcungongyidianyingfangying38352chang,jisuzhixuexiaogongyidianyingfangying3879chang。quannianzuzhicanjiashenggeleiqunwenhuodong15xiang,huodejiangxiang15ge41renci,qizhong,ronghuo“sanjinzhichun”bisaijinjiang,ronghuoshanxishengshoujiezhongbuliushenghechangzhanyanyidengjianghuanghejiang。kaizhan“huanlecaiyounashouxi”qunzhongwenyidazhanyan,quannianzhanyangeleijiemu8000yuge,jicengyanchushangwanchang,shouyiqunzhong200yuwanren。 [6] 

体育事业

欢乐彩2018nian,yunchengshiyundongyuanzaishengjizhongdabisaixiangmuzhonghuodejinpai36mei、yinpai36mei、tongpai42mei。quannianxiaoshouzhongguotiyucaipiao5.3yiyuan,bishangnianzengzhang36.4%。 [6] 

卫生事业

欢乐彩jiezhi2018nianmo,yunchengshigongyouyiliaoweishengjigou5438ge。qizhongyiyuan267ge,weishengyuan190ge,shequweishenghuanlecaizhongxin(zhan)97ge,zhensuo(weishengsuo、yiwushi)1261ge,cunweishengshi3532ge,jibingyufangkongzhizhongxin14ge,weishengjiandusuo(zhongxin)14ge。weishengjishurenyuan30930ren,qizhongzhiyeyishihezhiyezhuliyishi12495ren,zhucehushi12425ren。yiliaoweishengjigouchuangwei33454zhang,qizhongyiyuan23779zhang,weishengyuan7947zhang。[6] 

劳动就业

欢乐彩2018nian,yunchengshichengzhenxinzengjiuyerenyuan66234ren,zhuanyinongcunlaodongli86307ren,chengzhenshiyerenyuanzaijiuye13756ren,jiuyekunnanrenyuanshixianjiuye3997ren。nianmochengzhendengjishiyelv2.31%。 [6] 

社会保障

jiezhi2018nianmo,yunchengshicanjiachengzhenzhigongjibenyanglaobaoxian61.1wanren,canjiachengxiangjuminshehuiyanglaobaoxian283.3wanren,canjiachengzhenzhigongjibenyiliaobaoxian49.4wanren,canjiachengxiangjuminjibenyiliaobaoxian421.6wanren,canjiashiyebaoxian34.6wanren,canjiagongshangbaoxian67wanren,canjiashengyubaoxian40.6wanren。 [6] 

社会福利

欢乐彩jiezhi2018nianmo,yunchengshigongyougeleitigongzhusudeshehuihuanlecaijigou94ge,chuangwei7852zhang。qizhong,laonianrenyucanjirenhuanlecaijigou89ge,chuangwei7569zhang。nianmogongyoushequhuanlecaizhongxin120ge,shequhuanlecaizhan134ge。nianmogongyou2.1wanrennaruchengshijuminzuidishenghuobaozhang,fafangchengshidibaozijin1.2yiyuan;8wanrennarunongcunjuminzuidishenghuobaozhang,fafangnongcundibaozijin2.9yiyuan。0.9wanrenxiangshounongcuntekunrenyuanjiuzhugongyang。quannianxiaoshoushehuifulicaipiao3.7yiyuan。 [6] 

脱贫攻坚

jiezhi2018nianmo,yunchengshinongcunpinkunrenkouyou2014nian34.1wanrenjiangwei2.3wanren,pinkunfashenglvyou2014nian8.1%jiangzhi0.55%。 [6] 

环境保护

欢乐彩2018nian,yunchengshihuanghe、fenheliuyuyunchengduangongjiance11geduanmian。qizhong,dadaoⅲleiyishangshuizhibiaozhundeduanmian6ge。quannianzhongxinchengshikongqizhiliangerjiyishang(hanerji)tianshuwei176tian,bishangnianzengjia15tian。 [6] 

安全生产

2018nian,yunchengshigongfashengshengchananquanshigu64qi,bishangnianxiajiang41.3%;siwang77ren,xiajiang33%。qizhong: daoluyunshufashengshigu46qi,siwang54ren;jianzhushigongfashengshigu5qi,siwang5ren。 [6] 

历史文化

yunchengshishizhongguogudaiwenhuadezhongyaofaxiangdizhiyi,wenwugujiyuanyuanliuzhang,guanghuicanlan。xiangchuanhoujijiaominjiaseyujishan,leizujiaominyangcanyuxiaxian。shunjiandoupuban(jinyongji),yujiandouanyi(jinxiaxian)。zhongyaowenhuayizhiyouruichengdexihoudu;yuanqudenanhaiyuyandong;xiaxiandeyuwangcheng、dongxiafeng、xiyin;yongjidedutou、yaowangtai;hejindexiwangcun、beilicun;jiangxiandeyuanyaohe;pingludeqilipodeng。zhongyaowenwugujiyouruichengyonglegong,tabudanjianzhubiezhi,erqieyouzhejingmeideyuandaijufubihua,yiqijingzhandeyishumeilizhuchengyushi。ciwaihaiyoujiezhouguandimiao;yongjipujiusiyuanyangta、wanguosi;wanrongdefeiyunlou,qiufenglou,jishandeqinglongsi;xinjiangdejiyimiaodeng,doushiyunchengdezhongyaowenwuguji。

yunchenglishiyoujiu,renwenhuicui;ziguyilai,gonghoujiangxiang、xuezhezhitu,daibufaren。shanggushiqijiuyoushungenglishan,yuzaolongmen,houjijiase,leizuyangcan,huangdizhanchiyoudenglishichuanshuo,chunqiushifujiadashangyidun,handaijianghouzhoubo,sanguomingjiangguanyu,suiweizhexuejia、jiaoyujiawenzhongziwangtong,tangchu“sijie”zhishouwangbo,tangsongguwenbadajiazhiyiliuzongyuan,tangxuanzongchongfeiyangyuhuan,dajiangxuerengui、zhangshougui、songdaizhumingzhengzhijiashixuejiasimaguangdeng,jieweibenshilishimingren。wuxubianfadeliujunzizhiyiyangshenjiyijixinhaigemingshiqidezhangshixiu、liqishan、jingmeijiudengzhumingrenshi。 [32-33] 

蒲剧

蒲剧泰斗——阎逢春



欢乐彩pujuyinxingqiyushanxinanbudepuzhouerdeming,yichengpuzhoubangzihuonanlubangzi,shijinnandiqudedaibiaojuzhong。pujuchangqianggaoang,poshibenfang,zhangyubiaoxiankangkaijiqing、beizhuangqichudeyingxiongshiju,shanyukehuashuqingjuderenwuxinggeheqingxu。yunchengshipujutuanhuodezhongguoxijujiang·meihuabiaoyanjiangdeyishujiayouwujunying、wangyihua、jiyoufang、kongxiangdong、jiajulan、jingxuebian(erdumei)dengliuren。wenhuajianghuodezhe: jingxuebian。shanghaibaiyulanxijubiaoyanyishujianghuodezhe: kongxiangdong、wangqingli。puju《shancunmuqin》huowenhuabudierjieyouxiubaoliujumudajiang,puju《shengming》huowenhuabuxijuwenhuajiang。 [34] 

眉户

jinnanmeihuyuancheng“mihu”,youcheng“quzi”、“qingqu”,yinqudiaowanzhuanchanmian,shirentingzhirumierdeming,shiyigeyimingedelianjieerfazhanqilaibingyouditanshuochangguodudaowutaiyanchudexiqujuzhong。jinnanmeihudelishijingguoleminge、shuochang、jiaxi、zhiyebanshesigejieduan,zaifazhanguochengzhongxingchengnanbeiliangdaliupai。nanluyilinyiyidaiweizhongxin,beiluyilinfenyidaiweizhongxin。linyimeihujutuancengsanjinzhongnanhai,weizhouenlai、zhude、dengxiaoping、lixiannian、wubangguodengdangheguojialingdaorenzuoguozhuanchangyanchu。yunchengmeihuhuodemeihuabiaoyanjiangdeyishujiayoupanguoliang、yanhuifangdeng。 [34] 


传说

嫘祖


相传五千年前,西陵(今夏县西阴村)有位姑娘叫嫘(léi)祖,她发现桑树上有一种能够吐丝作茧的昆虫,吐出的丝细而结实,便把其捉来试养。桑蚕取食桑叶后吐丝结茧,然后钻出茧壳羽化为蛾。嫘祖发现茧壳被浸湿后,套在棍子上用手撕捻线,可以拉出长长的银线,就把这种线叫做“丝”。她又把丝织成布,人们称它为“绸”,绸代替了树叶和兽皮,人们从此就有衣服穿了。《通鉴外纪》赞扬嫘祖“治丝茧以供衣服”。嫘祖养蚕缫丝,“教民育蚕”,为人类作出了重大贡献,被尊为“先蚕娘娘”。黄帝听说了嫘祖的事迹后,心生爱慕之情,便娶嫘祖做了他的妻子。《史记·五帝本纪》记载: “黄帝娶于西陵之女,是为嫘祖。嫘祖为黄帝正妃”。夏县西阴村曾建有先蚕娘娘庙,庙内供有先蚕娘娘像,但后来毁于战乱。 [35] 

地方特产

闻喜花馍


闻喜花馍是人工用面做成的各种样式的馒头,花式各样,从而命名为花馍。闻喜花馍盛行于明清,已有1000多年的历史,逐渐形成独特的艺术风格和完整的创作体系,具有丰富的文化品位和浓郁的地方特色。闻喜花馍有“花糕”、“花馍”、“吉祥物”、“盘顶”四大系列200多个品种。 [36] 

欢乐彩2006nianruxuanshanxishengjifeiwuzhiwenhuayichanminglu

2008nianbeilieweiguojiajifeiwuzhiwenhuayichan

2010nianzaishanghaishibohuizhanchu

2012jubandezhongguo·wenxihuamowenhuajieshangchuangzaosixiangshijiejilu

欢乐彩2012nian2yue3ri,shoujiezhongguowenxihuamowenhuajiezaiwenxixianchengchenggongjuban [37] 

临猗苹果


临猗低处黄河之畔中条山之下,气候湿润,昼夜温差大,海拔高,无污染,是优质苹果基地,苹果个大,色鲜,红富士×新红星杂交育成的优良中晚熟品种,在临猗县9个中下旬成熟,果实极大,平均单果重400—500g,果型指数高达1.3以上,属大型高桩中晚熟苹果,肉质硬脆,酸甜爽口,不发绵,贷架期长,着色鲜红。 [38] 

垣曲猕猴桃


垣曲县的猕猴桃资源丰富,有紫果、软枣和元宝等3个品种,主蔓长达10多米,直径达10厘米以上,但处于野生状态。1979年,垣曲县有关部门选择优良单株,调查研究高产技术,将收集到的种子、剪集的枝条,进行人工栽培繁殖,已经大批成活,长势良好。 [39] 

绛县山楂


绛县共有山楂面积2万亩,鲜果年产量000万公斤,品种以大金星为主,被国家林业部、财政部、农业部列为全国七大山楂基地县之一。 从事山楂食品加工的企业有100余家,主要产品有山楂果脯、蜜饯、汁、果酱、糖、饼等8个系列30多个品种。其中山楂蜜饯荣获国家“七五”星火科技成果优秀奖,1998年通过了美国FDA质量检测,2001年被中国国际农业博览会认定为名牌产品,2003年九个产品获国家绿色食品发展中心认证。 [40] 

风味小吃

北相羊肉胡卜


北相羊肉胡卜的诞生,与著名的戏剧“二进宫”有关,“二进宫”是一部反映明代宫廷斗争的历史剧。明穆宗朱载厚死后,李良企图篡位,皇后密召徐、杨二人进宫,欲把太子交与二人带出宫。杨派人去蒲州搬兵却走漏风声,李良派兵追到泓芝驿。北相镇的路老汉在泓芝驿卖炊饼,一位后生冲进他的席棚喊救命。后生一路上饱受风寒病倒了,高烧不退。路老汉心急无招,把炊饼用刀切碎,抓起一块羊油放进锅中,趁热放进大料,再投入一把潞盐加水烧开,把炊饼加入烹好倒进碗中,趁热喂下。半个时辰后,后生高烧渐退,赶往蒲州搬兵救驾。事后,这位后生找见路老汉,见面就拜,唱道: “你让欢乐彩吃的真是护国良肴啊!”路老汉听不清后生的南方话,把“护国”听为“胡卜”了。 [41] 

稷山麻花


稷山麻花是运城的传统风味小吃。据传,麻花原是宫廷食品,传至民间时成为两股面粘在一起的形状,现在洪洞一带还可见到这种食品。清乾隆年间,翟店镇西位村的一位商人把它带回家乡运城,制作出售,食者甚多。后来,这位商人不断改进制作技术,将麻花由两股改成三股,然后拧成炸制,呈金黄色细丝花纹状。 [42] 

芮城麻片



欢乐彩ruichengmapianyiyousanbaiduoniandelishi,chanyuhuanghebeianderuichengxian。shiyongzhima、xiaomitang、shumianfen、dadouyou、ningmengsuan、guangdongliuhuabaitangdengshiyuzhongyuanliaohezhiruangantianderuichengjingshuijingzhiercheng。pianboruzhi,jingyingtouguang,qiweimitian,rukousucui,shihouyouyuxiang。jingshengxiaerbuzhanlian,cunfangjiuerbubianwei。zhangjiushiyong,youshuganjianpi、xiaochupilao、zhenfenjingshen、buchongyingyang、cujinxinchendaixiezhigongxiao,laoyouxianyi。 [43] 

甑糕


甑糕是由糯米和枣闷蒸而成,关键是适时加水掌握火候。虽不及八宝米,在晋南一带也久负盛名,因为它是用特殊的器皿蒸煮,一粘二甜,老少可口,如与涝糟合煮少许,饮之,更是别有风味。为新绛老少皆宜的传统小吃。

欢乐彩tedian: ruan、zhan、tian、re,xitiankeduofangbaitang,yireshi。 [44] 

万荣凉粉



欢乐彩wanrongliangfenyonghongshufenzhicheng,baijingtouliang,diaoshangxianhongdelajiaoyou,banshangshengsuanni、jiemodengdiaoweipin,malasuanxiang,qingliangshuangkou,shiyidaoshihexiajishiyongdexiaochi,qisejiebai,jingyingtitou,nenhuashuangkou,xiajilengshiyouxiaoshujiekezhixiao。youreliangliangzhong,jiaoyangrousaozideweireliangfen,diaoyiyoulazi、jiemo、shiyan、suanni、jiangyou、cudeweiliangliangfen。liangfenjindao,diaohemalashidu,cuxiangyouren,ruzuijiyan。juchuanshiyuqingdai,youshanxihanchengchuanru,shiyidaowanrongmingchiyuwenhuajianrongdemeican。

闻喜煮饼


闻喜煮饼有着山西“饼点之王”的美誉,又有“国式糕点绝产”之美称。煮饼在明末就已有名气。鲁迅先生在小说《孤独者》中有“欢乐彩提着两包闻喜产的煮饼去看友人”的字句。煮饼是一种油炸的点心,在晋南民间把“炸”就叫“煮”。闻喜煮饼形似圆月,由于外皮粘满白芝麻,所以外观是月白色。其外裹芝麻,滚圆状,内有栗色、绛白二色分明的饼馅,可拉出几厘米长的细丝,酥沙香甜、不皮不粘不腻,久不变质。主要原料为面粉、蜂蜜、小磨香油、糖粞及上等红白糖等。 [45]

风景名胜

yunchengshiwenwulvyoujingdian1600yuchu,shijiyishangzhongdianwenwubaohudanwei178chu,qizhongquanguozhongdianwenwubaohudanwei90chu,shiquanguozhongdianwenwubaohudanweishuliangzuiduodedijishi;shengji57chu;shiji31chu。lvyouxianluyixungenjizuyou、huanghefengqingyou、dexiaowenhuaheshanwenhuaweizhu。chimingzhongwaidejingdianyou: wumiaozhizu“jiezhouguandimiao”、zhongguosidaminglouzhiyideguanquelou、daojiaosandazutingzhiyideyonglegong、《xixiangji》gushifashengdipujiusi、zhonghuajisishengdihoutuci,yijixitan、lijiadayuan、wulaofeng、lishan、simaguangmudeng。 [46] 

yunchengyanhuyumeiguoyoutazhouaogedingyanhu、eluosixiboliyakuchukeyanhubingchengwei“shijiesandaliusuannaxingneiluyanhu”,shihuarenzuxiankaifazuizaodeyanhu。ju《hedongyanfabeilan》jizai,wuqianduonianqianjiuzaiyunchengyanhufaxianbingshiyongyan,zheishi“zhonghuaminzuliyongshanzezhilideyigeweidachuangju”。yunchengyanhudongxizhang,nanbeizhai,sizhougao,zhongjiandi,xingsi“guyuanbao”zhuang。nanyizhongtiao,beikaoemei,donglinxiaxian,xijiejiezhou,zongmianji132pingfangqianmi。yushuncengzaiyanhuzhipandewoyungang,shoufuwuxianqin,changyinzhongguolishishangzuigulaodegeyao《nanfengge》: “nanfengzhixunxi,keyijiewuminzhiyunxi;nanfengzhishixi,keyifuwuminzhicaixi”。yunchengyanhubeitianhanxianshengzanwei“qianguzhongtiaoyichixue”。 [47-48] 

遗址

欢乐彩xihouduyizhi、yuyandong、shundiling、yuwangcheng、dongxiafeng、yaowangtai、qilipodeng。

文物

huanghedatieniu、yingyingta、wangusi、feiyunlou、qiufenglou、qinglongsi、jiyimiaodeng。


著名人物

古代

renwu

zhuyaochengjiu

nvwashi

dadizhimu

leizu

huangdizhiqi,yangcansaosi

chiyou

jiulibuluoshouling

fenghou

huangdizaixiang

houji

欢乐彩yaoshunshiqidenongguan,zhouchaoxianzu

yushun

欢乐彩fuxishizushehuihouqibuluolianmengshou

dayu

欢乐彩xiahoushishouling、xiachaokaiguojunzhu

fushuo

yinshangxianchen,fuzuowudingchengjiu“wudingshengshi”

jinwengong

kaichuangjinguobainianbaye,chunqiuwubazhiyi

weiwenhou

欢乐彩zhanguoshiqi,weiguokaiguozhizhu

yidun

zhanguochunianzhumingshangren

jiezitui

jinguoxianchen,hourenzunweijiezi

yidun

欢乐彩zhanguoshiqizhumingdedashougongyezhe、dashangren

zhangyi

zhanguoshiqidezhengzhijia、waijiaojiahemoulvejia

xunzi

欢乐彩zhanguomoqizhumingsixiangjia、wenxuejia,rujiadaibiaorenwuzhiyi

lianpo

欢乐彩zhanguomoqizhaoguomingjiang,“zhanguosidamingjiang”

guanyu

sanguoshiqishuhanmingjiang,“wusheng”,“wuhushangjiang”zhishou

weifuren

jinchaozhumingshufajia,“shusheng”wangxizhideqimenglaoshi

weijie

欢乐彩jinchaoxuanxuejia、guanyuan,zhongguogudaisidameinanzhiyi

peixiu

zhongguodituxuezhifu

wangtong

suimodajiaoyujia,wangbozufu

guopu

daoxueshushudashiheyouxianshizushi,fengshuixuebizu

xuerengui

欢乐彩tangchaomingjiang,junshijia、zhengzhijia,duiwaiminzuyingxiong

wangbo

欢乐彩tangdaishiren,“chutangsijie”zhishou

wangzhihuan

欢乐彩shengtangshiqishiren,“sidabiansaishiren”zhiyi

wangwei

欢乐彩tangchaoshiren、huajia,yumenghaoranhecheng“wangmeng”

zhangxun

欢乐彩tangchaomingjiang,aiguoyingxiong,“tongzhensantaizi”

peixingjian

zhumingjunshijia

peidu

zhongxingxianxiang,pingdinghuaixi

yangyuhuan

yangguifei,zhongguogudaisidameinvzhiyi

lulun

欢乐彩tangdaishiren,dalishicaizizhiyi

liuzongyuan

欢乐彩shiren、zhengzhijia,tangsongbadajiazhiyi

sikongtu

tangdaishiren,shilunjia

lvdongbin

欢乐彩baxianzhiyi,quanzhendaozushi,sanjiaoheliusixiangdaibiaorenwu

simaguang

欢乐彩beisongzhengzhijia、shixuejia、wenxuejia

zhaoding

nansongaiguozhengzhijia、ciren,kangjinmingxiang

menggong

欢乐彩nansongjunshitongshuai,minzuyingxiong,kangjinkangmengmingjiang

guanhanqing

欢乐彩yuandaizajuzuojia,“yuanqusidajia”zhishou

jijike

欢乐彩xinyiliuhequan、xinyiquan、xingyiquandeshizu

peishijiazu

欢乐彩ziqinhan,liweijin,zhisuitangerjisheng,wudaiyihou,yufangyoucun。qijiazurenwuzhisheng、deyewenzhangzhilong,kanchengduwujinyou。peishijiazujiangxiangjiewu、gonghouyimen,guanshangbujue: zhengshilichuanyuzailiezhe600yuren,qipinyishangguanyuan3000yuren;《peishishipu》jizai,peishijiazuxianhouchuguozaixiang59ren,dajiangjun59ren,zhongshushilang14ren,shangshu55ren,shilang44ren,changshi11ren,yushi10ren,jiedushi、guanchashi、fangyushi25ren,cishi211ren,taishou77ren;fengjuezhegong89ren,hou33ren,bo11ren,zi18ren,nan13ren;yuhuangshilianyinzhehuanghou3ren,taizifei4ren,wangfei2ren,fuma21ren,gongzhu20rendeng——tianxiapeishizongzusuojupeibocunyoucideming“zhonghuazaixiangcun”,maozedongcengchengdao: “peishijiazuqiannianrongxian,shilishishangzuiyoumingdejiazu”,huyaobangcengshuo: “yanjiuzhongguoderencaixue,bunengbuyanjiupeishijiazu”。 [49-50]


近代

renwu

zhuyaochengjiu

yangshenxiu

“wuxuliujunzi”zhiyi

fuzuoyi

kangrimingjiang、aiguojiangling、zhuiqiujinbudeguomindangyuan

dongqiwu

kaiguojiangshuai,yijijiefangxunzhanghuodezhe,shangjiang

changqiankun

gongchandangzuizaodefeixingyuan,yijijiefangxunzhanghuodezhe,zhongjiang

chengzihua

欢乐彩yuanzhonggongzhongyangguwenweiyuanhuichangwei,quanguozhengxiefuzhuxi

lijianwu

欢乐彩zhumingzuojia、xijujia、wenyipinglunjia

peilisheng

欢乐彩cengrenshanxishengshengzhang、zhongguokexueyuanfuyuanzhang

yaodianzhong

欢乐彩guoxuedashi、jiaoyujia、shufajia,disanjielantingjiangzhongshenchengjiujianghuodezhe

wenminsheng

欢乐彩cengrenhenanshengshengzhang、heilongjiangshengweishuji、youdianbubuzhang

chaizemin

zhonghuarenmingongheguoshourenzhumeiguoquanquandashi

yanfengchun

欢乐彩pujutaidou,cengrenzhongguoxiqujiaxiehuilishi,shouchuangmaochigong

houbo

欢乐彩“hongqiangsheyingshi”,danrenmaozedongzhuanzhisheyingshi12nian,zhongguonvsheyingjiaxiehuizhuxi

xizezong

欢乐彩tianwenxuejia、zhongguokexueyuanyuanshi、yuanzhongguokexueyuanzirankexueshiyanjiusuosuozhang

zhangzhijian

欢乐彩yuanchengdoujunquzhengzhiweiyuan,zhonggongshiwujiezhongyangweiyuan,shangjiang

peihuailiang

欢乐彩yuanjinanjunqufusilingyuan,guofangdaxuexiaozhang,shangjiang

现代

renwu

zhuyaochengjiu

zhengweiping

zhonggongdishibajiezhongyangweiyuan,zhongguorenminjiefangjundongbuzhanquzhengzhiweiyuan,shangjiang

ningjizhe

guojiafazhanhegaigeweiyuanhuifuzhuren

zhangshaoqin

欢乐彩minjianzhongyangzhuanzhifuzhuxi,zhonghuaquanguozonggonghuifuzhuxi,quanguorendachangwei

zhangping

yijizuojia,2008nianrenshanxifushengzhang,shanxishengzuoxiezhuxi、quanguozhengxiechangwei

liqiang

guojiatongjijufujuzhang

lihong

fujianshengdangzuchengyuan、fushengzhang

tanxiangyong

boshishengdaoshi,jiaoshou,beijinggongshangdaxuexiaozhang

shidagang

xinjiangweiwuerzizhiqufuzhuxi

ningbin

欢乐彩ieeefellow((meiguodianzidianqigongchengshixiehui),beijingjiaotongdaxueyuanxiaozhang

xianglibin

zhongguokexueyuandangzuchengyuan、fuyuanzhang,guojiakexuejishujinbujiangtedengjianghuodezhe

mengzhenping

guojiadianlitouzijituangongsizongjingli

shilirong

zhongxingtongxungufenyouxiangongsizongcai,2011nianzhongguojingjiniandurenwu

jinghaipeng

欢乐彩zhongguorenminjiefangjunhangtianyuandaduitejihangtianyuan,liangdufeitiandiyiren

城市荣誉

2006nian,yunchengshihuozhongguoshijiameilichengshichenghao [51] 

2007nian,yunchengshihuozhongguozhongbushidazuijiatouzichengshichenghao [52] 

2009nian,yunchengshihuozhongguojinrongshengtaichengshichenghao [53-54] 

欢乐彩2012nian,yunchengshihuozhongguoyinglianwenhuachengshichenghao [55-57] 

欢乐彩2012nian,yunchengshihuoquanguoshuangyongmofanchengchenghao [58] 

2012nian,yunchengshibeipingweiquanguoquanminjianshenhuodongxianjindanwei [59] 

欢乐彩2010nian,yunchengshihuoguojiashangbiaozhanlveshishishifanchengshi [60-61] 

欢乐彩2016nian,yunchengshibeipingweishierwuxinxihuiminlingjunchengshi [62-63] 

2017nian,yunchengshidiqicironghuoquanguowuchangxianxuexianjinshi [64] 

2017nian,yunchengshihuopingquanguoweichengnianrensixiangdaodehuanlecaigongzuoxianjinchengshi(qu) [65] 

欢乐彩2017nian,yunchengshiruweizhongguotesemeilichengshi200qiang [66] 

2018nian,zhongguochengshichuangxinjingzhenglipaimingdi32 [67] 

对外欢乐彩

chengshimingcheng

suoshuguojia/shengfen

dijienianfen

lanqianuo

yidali

1995nian [68-69]

alalaguala

baxi

2005nian

nankaiqu

tianjinshi

欢乐彩2011nian [70]

maermangdeshi

faguo

2011nian [68-69] 

dawenbote

meiguo

2011nian [71-72]

sijiepanafan

yameiniya

2011nian [72]

yichun

heilongjiangsheng

2013nian [74]

hangzhou

zhejiangsheng

欢乐彩2013nian [75]

heihe

heilongjiangsheng

2013nian [76]

参考资料

欢乐彩1.yunchenggaikuangyangshiwang[yinyongriqi2016-09-11]

欢乐彩2.yunchenggaikuangyunchengshirenminzhengfu[yinyongriqi2016-09-11]

3.wuqiannianwenmingkanyunchengyangguangwang[yinyongriqi2016-09-11]

欢乐彩4.guzhongguo xinyunchengrenminwang[yinyongriqi2016-09-11]

5.yunchengshizhonghuarenmingongheguoguojiatongjiju[yinyongriqi2018-03-28]

6.yunchengshi2018nianguominjingjiheshehuifazhantongjigongbaoyunchengshirenminzhengfu[yinyongriqi2018-04-13]

7.yunchengshishanxishengrenminzhengfu[yinyongriqi2016-09-11]

8.《zhushujinian》: “zuyi,mingteng。ernian,piyugeng,zigengqianyubi。sannian,mingqingshiwuxian。banian,chengbi。shiwunian,mingbinhougaoyu。shijiunian,zhi。zuyizhishi,shangdaofuxing,miaoweizhongzong。”

欢乐彩9.yunchengdiquzhi juanyi jianzhi diyizhang weizhi jingyu yange dierjie jianzhiyangeyunchengdiquzhi[yinyongriqi2016-09-12]

欢乐彩10.guowuyuanguanyutongyishanxishengchexiaoyunchengdiqu shelidijiyunchengshidepifuzhonghuarenmingongheguozhongyangrenminzhengfu[yinyongriqi2016-09-11]

欢乐彩11.yunchengdiquzhi juanyi jianzhi dierzhang zhengqu diyijie zhengqubiangengyunchengdiquzhi[yinyongriqi2016-09-12]

12.zoujinyanhuyunchengshiyanhuqurenminzhengfu[yinyongriqi2016-11-17]

13.yongjigaikuangshanxishengyongjishirenminzhengfu[yinyongriqi2016-11-17]

14.hejingaikuanghejinshirenminzhengfu[yinyongriqi2016-11-17]

15.jiangxiangaikuangjiangxianrenminzhengfu[yinyongriqi2016-11-17]

16.xiaxiangaikuangxiaxianrenminzhengfu[yinyongriqi2016-11-17]

17.xinjianggaikuangxinjiangxianrenminzhengfu[yinyongriqi2016-11-17]

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22.wenxixianchengshanxishengwenxixianrenminzhengfu[yinyongriqi2016-11-17]

23.wenxijianjieshanxishengwenxixianrenminzhengfu[yinyongriqi2016-11-17]

24.xianqinggaikuangyuanquxianrenminzhengfu[yinyongriqi2016-11-17]

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26.yunchengdiquzhi juaner ziranhuanjing dierzhang dimao diyijie dimaoleixingyunchengdiquzhi[yinyongriqi2016-09-12]

27.yunchengdiquzhi juanyi jianzhi juaner ziranhuanjing disanzhang qihouyunchengdiquzhi[yinyongriqi2016-09-12]

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32.lishiyunchengshirenminzhengfu[yinyongriqi2016-09-11]

33.renwenyunchengshirenminzhengfu[yinyongriqi2016-09-11]

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